Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Common name Family Asteraceae/ Daisy Family Parts used Root, Seeds, Leaves and Flower head before opening History: It is native to Europe and Asia and was introduced to North America in the 1600s as a seed crop for medicinal purposes and for use in cheese making. Canada thistle has since become a widespread invasive speciesContinue reading “Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)”

St. John’s wort (Hypericum canadense)

Common Name Family Clusiaceae (St. John’s wort/ garcinia/mangosteen) Parts used Flowers and leaves BOTANICAL description St. John’s wort is a low-lying herb measuring 30-75 cm. in height. Flowers: The radially symmetrical flowers of St. John’s wort are small, measuring 2-2.5 cm. in width. The blooms have five rounded petals with distinctive black spots, numerous stamens,Continue reading “St. John’s wort (Hypericum canadense)”

Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris).

Common Names -Marsh Marigold -Cowslip -Kingcup Family Ranunculaceae/ Buttercup or Crowfoot family Parts Used Flowers (early bud form or matured open flower form) Leaf Stalk Root BOTANICAL description Perennial plant with a stem up to 60 cm tall arising from course fibrous roots. It has numerous leaves rising on long stalks from the base withContinue reading “Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris).”

Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

It is a threatened species Common Name -Bloodroot -Blood Root -Red Puccoon -Tetterwort -Indian Paint Family Papaveraceae/ Poppy Family Parts used Root BOTANICAL description Perennial plant with a flowering stem up to 15 cm tall when mature. Grows slow. Leaf single basal, curled, around flowering stem when emerging, 10-18 cm wide, palmately veined and lobed.Continue reading “Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)”

Wild Ginger (Asarum canadense)

Common Names -Wild Ginger -Snake Root -Canada Wild Ginger Family Aristolochiaceae/ Birthwort Family Parts Used Root Flower Leaves BOTANICAL description Perennial plant with 2 leaves and a single flower at the tip of the rhizome. Leaves are basal on long stalks, heart shaped 8-12 cm wide, covered with soft velvety hairs. Flower is maroon inContinue reading “Wild Ginger (Asarum canadense)”